Archive for June, 2013

i just read this in my Experiencing God study this week and it is so true. What i do reveals what i believe about God… regardless of what i say. So what was revealed about Gideon’s belief in God? There may be other things than what i saw.

For me putting out a fleece is an act of doubt. As with Gideon, the Lord may honor my request but He may not be happy that i asked.  i will have to face the fact that my faith is weak. But, i am aware that God is incredibly gracious and patient with me, especially when my faith is weak. Gideon knew he was on dangerous ground and was trying God’s patience by asking for multiple signs. After the first fleece, he said, “Do not be  angry with me. Let me make one more request.”

For me, putting out a fleece is not a biblical method of discerning God’s will.  Gideon already knew God’s will, he was merely second-guessing it.

Gideon is not my example. Jesus said on two occasions that “a wicked and adulterous generation seeks after a sign” (Matthew 12:39; 16:1-4). His point was that the signs He had already given them—His fulfillment of Old Testament  prophecy, healings, and miracles—were sufficient to respond to the  truth.

Many times i have received enough information without the sign of a fleece. God told him he would have victory, and He had responded to a previous request for a sign with a display of power in fire. Still, Gideon asked for two more signs because of his own insecurity. When God does provide the sign i ask for, it doesn’t give me what i crave because my faith still doubts. That often leads me to ask for multiple  signs, none of which give me the assurance i need, because the problem isn’t with God’s power, it’s with my perception of it.

As a disciple of Christ, i have two powerful tools that Gideon lacked. First, i have the complete Word of  God which is “God-breathed and is useful for teaching, rebuking, correcting and training in righteousness, so that the man of God may be thoroughly equipped for every good work” (2 Timothy  3:16-17). i do not need proof  (signs, voices, miracles) to verify what He has already told me in His Word. my second advantage over Gideon is that as a disciple of Christ i have the Holy Spirit, who is God Himself, residing in my heart to guide, direct, and encourage.

i can be content to know God’s will for my life in every situation every day: “Let the word of Christ dwell in you richly” (Colossians  3:16); “Be joyful always; pray continually; give thanks in all  circumstances, for this is God’s will for you in Christ Jesus” (1 Thessalonians  5:16-18); “And whatever you do, whether in word or deed, do it all in the  name of the Lord Jesus, giving thanks to God the Father through him” (Colossians 3:17). If  these things characterize my life, the decisions i make will be in accordance with God’s will. He will bless me with His peace and assurance, and there will be no need to put out fleeces or ask for signs.

God’s will is a hot topic among Christians, and theories abound. My own view, for what it’s worth, is that God’s will is actually pretty simple to discern: act like a disciple of Christ!  In everyday matters such as career, where to live, what kind of car to drive and such, follow my heart with my eyes on the Father so i will “be” all things honest in all.

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Was God delayed in doing what He wanted to do because of Gideon’s doubt and fear. i know God’s timing is perfect so wouldn’t that mean that when He spoke to Gideon He was ready to move? And if He was I am also aware that God works all things for the good of those who love Him so it still works out to the good but…. was it the best? What about Gideon hearing God , needing no signs and he accepts and acts on it IMMEDIATELY? Maybe God built-in a cushion knowing what Gideon would do?

Judges 6:37 Behold, I will put a fleece of wool on the threshing floor. If there is dew on the fleece only and it is dry on all the ground, then I shall know that You will deliver Israel by my hand, as You have said. And it was so. When he rose early next morning and squeezed the dew out of the fleece, he wrung from it a bowlful of water.”

Here’s what stands out to me and i preface that with… just because it stands out  to me does not give it any authority.

Gideon did not put the fleece out to determine God’s will.  He already knew what God’s will was.  He had been told by the angel, and he even subtly acknowledged it with the phrase “as you have promised.”  Gideon knew what God wanted him to do, yet he did the fleece thing anyway.

The fleece was a sign of unbelief.  Gideon had already received a miraculous sign from God to prove that He was going to give Gideon victory and deliver Israel.  Yet, perhaps because of the response of his own townsmen, Gideon doubted.  He had to have another sign.  And then yet another.  In other words, Gideon knew God’s will but didn’t believe it.  “Putting out a fleece” was not a method of determining God’s will, it was an act of faithlessness because Gideon didn’t trust that God would do what He had already promised.

The fleece was a request for a miraculous sign.  It was not simply a request for events to go a certain way.  Gideon wanted something to happen that was contrary to the usual pattern of nature, i.e. a miracle.  It was not a request for a “sign” of the type “if my dog barks within the next half hour, then i’ll know the answer.”  Gideon’s request would be more along the lines of “if my duck barks, then i’ll know the answer.”

God graciously did as Gideon asked, and in the morning the fleece was wet enough to produce a bowl of water when it was wrung out. So… end of story right? Wrong, nothing changed for Gideon. He had no more assurance, no more faith than he did at the start. God showed up and Gideon was somewhere else. Gideon’s faith was so weak that he asked God for another sign—this time to keep another fleece dry while making the surrounding dirt wet. Again, God  complied, and FINALLY Gideon was convinced that God meant what He said and that the nation of Israel would have the victory that the angel of the Lord had promised.

All that said, was there a delay?

Then the Angel of the Lord reached out the tip of the staff that was in His hand, and touched the meat and the unleavened cakes, and there flared up fire from the rock and consumed the meat and the unleavened cakes.

That’s pretty convincing to me and kinda sorta seems to be for Gideon, “And when Gideon perceived that He was the Angel of the Lord,

Gideon said, Alas, O Lord God!  i have felt that way, as though to say it’s about time Lord. Yes i’m aware that His timing is perfect but there are those times when it doesn’t seem so. i wish i could tell everyone how to stop those feelings but i’ve not found the answer. Gideon continues, “For now I have seen the Angel of the Lord face to face!” Face to face would be a confidence builder for sure.

Perceive: to become aware of, or identify by means of the senses. It has always been my belief that my senses can change in the blink of an eye, the things i can see, hear, taste, touch and smell and therefore are not a sound basis for acting on anything. As for becoming aware perhaps that’s why i miss God. To busy, to distracted, to whatever… keeps me from being aware. God is always at work around me , but it’s up to me to be aware!

So much for Gideon’s perception. “Then Gideon took ten men of his servants and did as the Lord had told him, but because he was too afraid of his father’s household and the men of the city to do it by day, he did it by night.” There is such a thing as being prudent (wise or judicious in practical affairs) but it doesn’t come from a place of doubt and fear.

i have said for years that God, the Son nor the Holy Spirit ever take possession of a person and make them do anything. i need more research before commenting further about this but for now i will stand corrected, verse 34, But the Spirit of the Lord clothed Gideon with Himself and took possession of him, and he blew a trumpet, and [the clan of] Abiezer was gathered to him.

Verse 36, “And Gideon said to God, If  You will deliver Israel by my hand as You have said.” There’s that “If” word again which really says, i perceive but i’m not absolutely sure. Fear and doubt still very much a part of Gideon’s life. How about removing the word if? “You will deliver Israel by my hand as You have said.” That’s sounds like a confession of faith rather than doubt.

Gideon continues in perception verses knowing and says to God, “Behold, I will put a fleece of wool on the threshing floor. If there is dew on the fleece only and it is dry on all the ground, then I shall know that You will deliver Israel by my hand, as You have said.” While i have never used a fleece in the way Gideon did i have used what amounts to a fleece in other ways. Times when i have said, “If (oops) it’s a God thing then the money will be there and then i will do it.”

Gideon questions, “If the Lord is with us,” What? May i just ask, “What about the evil done in the sight of the Lord?” Then he asks why? Seriously, WHY? The clear answer… because of evil done in the sight of the Lord.  Situations, circumstances, trials, tribulations that surround and overtake me are a result of my inner spiritual strength not being able to sustain me. Gideon tries to pass himself and his people off as victims. No sign of repentance or accepting responsibility for previous behavior. Simply “If.”

But for the patience of God!!! “The Lord turned to him and said, Go in this your might, and you shall save Israel from the hand of Midian. Have I not sent you?”

After 70 years under the thumb of the Midianites Gideon’s seems to have lost hope or at least touch with reality and he asks, “Oh Lord, how can I deliver Israel? Behold, my clan is the poorest in Manasseh, and I am the least in my father’s house.”

Boo hoo, poor me, i am a victim here God. God does not let him slide, “Have I not sent you? Gideon, did you not hear what I said?” “Go in this YOUR might and YOU shall save Israel.” There are times when i listen but do not actually hear what is said. Ann Marie will attest to that. This must be Gideon’s problem. God asks “did you not hear what i said?”

“The Lord then says to him, Surely I will be with you, and you shall smite the Midianites as one man.” i think i would have paid a little more attention to those two little words, like as what do you mean “as one man?” Gideon let’s that slide right on by and says, “If now I have found favor in Your sight, then show me a sign that it is You Who talks with me.” Oh my goodness, nothing but fear and doubt! God is being so patient, again with “IF?” “If now,” It should read, since now i have found favor in your sight, because i have repented, from doing evil in the sight of the Lord.

Gideon needs a sign to be sure it’s God’s voice and that he understood His directions. He says, “Do not leave here, I pray You, until I return to You and bring my offering and set it before You. And He said, I will wait until you return (PATIENCE). Then Gideon went in and prepared a kid and unleavened cakes of an ephah of flour. The meat he put in a basket and the broth in a pot, and brought them to Him under the oak and presented them. And the Angel of God said to him, Take the meat and unleavened cakes and lay them on this rock and pour the broth over them. And he did so. Then the Angel of the Lord reached out the tip of the staff that was in His hand, and touched the meat and the unleavened cakes, and there flared up fire from the rock and consumed the meat and the unleavened cakes.

Now that’s a sign, right? “Then the Angel of the Lord vanished from his sight.”

After looking at casting lots it only seems right to look at fleeces. The idea of “using a fleece” comes  from the story of Gideon, in Judges 6. To understand the idea of a fleece i felt it necessary to understand the man and the circumstances surrounding it.

Verse 1 But the Israelites did evil in the sight of the Lord, and the Lord gave them into the hand of Midian for seven years. What a way to start out. Seven years is a long time and my mind immediately begins to search… what, if anything, evil have i done in the sight of the Lord?

Verse 6 And Israel was greatly impoverished because of the Midianites, and the Israelites cried to the Lord. Seven years of the enemy encamping against them and destroy the crops as far as Gaza and leave no nourishment for Israel, and no ox or sheep or donkey. For they came up with their cattle and their tents, and they came like locusts for multitude; both they and their camels could not be counted. So they wasted the land as they entered it.

The Israelites knew what was acceptable in the sight of God and simply chose to do otherwise! Humm… been there and done that. Verse 8 – 9 The Lord sent a prophet to the Israelites, who said to them, Thus says the Lord, the God of Israel, I brought you up from Egypt and brought you forth out of the house of bondage. And I delivered you out of the hand of the Egyptians and out of the hand of all who oppressed you, and drove them out from before you and gave you their land.

Seven years is a long time in any day and age and under the conditions that Israel was living, they must have forgotten. another hummmmmm… have i forgotten things regarding how God has delivered me?

The prophet had more to say, And I said to you, I am the Lord your God; fear not the gods of the Amorites, in whose land you dwell. But you have not obeyed My voice.

Forget everything else and tell me why are you not obeying my voice! What answer is there for me in those situations? Anything i would say would simply be an excuse. An Angel of the Lord comes.

“And the Angel of the Lord appeared to him/Gideon and said to him, The Lord is with you, you mighty man of [fearless] courage.”

That makes me chuckle. Early on in my walk in the Word Ann Marie would speak those types of thing to me. I’d wake up at night with her praying over me. She’d call me the spiritual head of the household, which i knew i was not. She was calling those things which were not.

“And Gideon said to him, O sir, if the Lord is with us, why is all this befallen us? And where are all His wondrous works of which our fathers told us, saying, Did not the Lord bring us up from Egypt? But now the Lord has forsaken us and given us into the hand of Midian.

To be more spiritual today i went to several commentaries and here are some thoughts. Let me say that my conclusion is open-ended as i will never know what the disciples were thinking at the time but i am sure they did what they thought was right. For me casting lots at this time is unacceptable as i believe i have a more sure word and the indwelling of the Holy Spirit so i don’t need to cast a lot to make a determination of Gods will. This topic is not critical to my personal relationship with God. As it is with many topics it does not add nor detract from the salvation He so freely gave to me. Healing, no healing – tongues, no tongues – laying on of hands, no laying on of hands – once saved always saved, or not once saved always saved, these are all debatable issues and many scholars have argued their point of view with no absolute conclusion which is why we have over 41,000 denominations which care for just over 2 billion Christians which is one-third of the world’s population. i see something peculiar about having 41,000 denominations?

They ask God to indicate which of the two candidates He had chosen to fill the position vacated by Judas. In their prayer, the wording followed Jesus’ initial calling of the twelve. This showed that they intend for this new apostle to be chosen by Christ just as the other eleven were.

There are different accounts as to what the actual procedure was. Each candidate’s name was written on a stone, which was placed in a container. The container is shaken and turned upside down until one of the stones springs or falls out. Wouldn’t they both fall out if the container is turned upside down? This method for discerning divine choice had a long history in Israel.

The actual method is not what caused me pause. Whether a straw, drawing a cards, a stone, or dice as one translation says, makes no difference to me. It’s that act. It just seems to be chance?

Chance: the absence of any cause of events that can be predicted, understood, or controlled. Isn’t that a fitting definition of what happened?

The eleven apostles put two men forward. The name of one was Justus. More is said about him, so he may have been the man that they really wanted. The other was Matthias. They prayed. Then they ‘cast lots’ – and they added Matthias to make the eleven up to 12 again.

The main fact of this story for me is most likely supposed to be that they prayed first, and it was easy to pray because they had already been praying (These all with one mind were continually devoting themselves to prayer, along with the women, and Mary the mother of Jesus, and with His brothers.)

They were doing what Jesus did by praying first. (It was at this time that He went off to the mountain to pray, and He spent the whole night in prayer to God. And when day came, He called His disciples to Him and chose twelve of them, whom He also named as apostles.)

At the moment it would appear that casting lots has taken precedence over prayer. Then… they cast their lots. There are questions by many about the method for choosing one of the two men – all these great spiritual steps, and they end up casting lots to pick the winner.

They were not yet filled with the Holy Spirit, as they would be, but they wanted to choose a method that would make them rely on God. Proverbs 16:33 The lot is cast into the lap, But its every decision is from the LORD. This only makes matters worse for me. Casting lots… it’s every decision is from the Lord? To me casting lots to discern God’s will, is not much better than the methods many Christians use today, relying on emotions, circumstances, feelings, carnal desires and so forth.

One possible way to accept this idea of casting lots is from Gill’s Exposition which says, “This is to be ascribed, not to blind chance and fortune, to the influence of the stars, or to any invisible created being, angel or devil, but to the Lord only; there is no such thing as chance, or events by chance; those events which seem most fortuitous or contingent are all disposed, ordered, and governed, by the sovereign will of God.” That could be a whole series in and of itself.

In closing i find it important for me to note that once the Holy Spirit came casting lots in this manner is never mentioned again.

What did prayer have to do with that situation? Did God select the short straw for the one He wanted? Seriously? This is dangerous ground for someone who takes the Word literally. As i’m posting this i know that they actually cast lots. How that was done is sketchy. Regardless whether it’s drawing straws, casting lots, flipping coins, or rolling dice i can’t get away from the idea that it’s still a decision of chance. Sorry today is not very spiritual just inquisitive.

Drawing straws is a selection method that is used by a group to choose one member of the group to perform a task. Exactly what I thought.

Urban Dictionary – If you need to choose somebody for something, here’s what to do. Count out the exact number of people who want to be chosen for something. Get a straw for each person, but cut the bottom inch off of one of the straws. Have the group choose who will hold the straws (you can decide this also by drawing straws, but that will create a straw drawing cycle that can be endless, so I don’t recommend it). The person that holds the straws moves them around in  his/her hands a good deal, being careful to hide the bottom of the straws from view, and carefully mixes them around. Then, everybody grabs a straw, but the ‘straw holder’ has to go last, as it’s possible he/she might be able to feel the length of the straws. After everyone has finished ‘drawing straws’, compare the length of straws, and the person who is discovered to be holding the ‘short straw’ is ‘chosen’.
Get this… in the United Kingdom, if a local or national election has resulted in a tie in which candidates receive exactly the same number of votes after three recounts, the winner can be decided either by drawing straws/lots, coin flipping, or drawing the high card in a pack of cards.
I have reached the conclusion that drawing straws is actually an unfair way of selecting someone for anything. Reason… the first person that draws a straw has a higher chance of drawing a long straw than each successive person. In this case there were only two people so there was a 50/50 chance of winning, so maybe that is a little more fair?

i am still struggling with the action more than the method. It’s time to see what the commentaries or the scholars have to say about this practice of casting lots for divine decisions. If it is the way, it will make life a whole lot easier. Pray first, cast lots, and poof… the answer. No prolonged prayer, no fasting, no seeking, no waiting.

Today someone came in and we were talking about this. They have a vehicle to sell and felt like they should get $1,000.00 for it. My thoughts were that they should get $1,200.00 for it. We determined to cast lots for what “God” would want him to get. After casting lots it turned out to be the $1,000.00 price. i informed him that if the people offer him anything above $1,000.00 he would have to turn it down. He would have to be content with the $1,000.00. Isn’t that how it would have to work? No price haggling here! Oh… i just realized that we didn’t pray first. Bummer, what does that do to the results of our lot casting?

“I have noticed that even those who assert that everything is predestined and that we can change nothing about it still look both ways before they cross the street” ― Stephen Hawking

i don’t know where i have been, but i have never read or heard this scripture before. It’s Acts 1:15-26 At first reading it causes me great pause. This is the description of what took place regarding the replacement of Judas. It comes at the end but i must share the conversation leading up to my reason for pause.

During this time, Peter stood up in the company—there were about 120 of them in the room at the time—and said, “Friends, long ago the Holy Spirit spoke through David regarding Judas, who became the guide to those who arrested Jesus. That Scripture had to be fulfilled, and now has been. Judas was one of us and had his assigned place in this ministry.

No problem to this point.

“As you know, he took the evil bribe money and bought a small farm. There he came to a bad end, rupturing his belly and spilling his guts. Everybody in Jerusalem knows this by now; they call the place Murder Meadow. It’s exactly what we find written in the Psalms: Let his farm become haunted so no one can ever live there.

Not sure i had ever read or heard about Judas buying a farm but no matter. Rupturing his belly and spilling his guts? I had always thought he had hung himself?

“And also what was written later: Let someone else take over his post.”

“Judas must now be replaced. The replacement must come from the company of men who stayed together with us from the time Jesus was baptized by John up to the day of his ascension, designated along with us as a witness to his resurrection.”

Makes perfect sense! The position is not open to just anyone.

They nominated two: Joseph Barsabbas, nicknamed Justus, and Matthias.

Both were known by Jesus. Still good to go.

Then they prayed, “You, O God, know every one of us inside and out. Make plain which of these two men you choose to take the place in this ministry and leadership that Judas threw away in order to go his own way.”

“Then they prayed.” A great example to follow, right? The prayer seems to be on track as well, right? “God You make plain.” But then what do they do and i’m not asking that as to condemn them, i just don’t get it!

They then drew straws.

They drew straws? Surely you gest! They drew straws! Where was the praying, fasting and waiting for God to make plain? It seems to me these… disciples didn’t learn or forgot all that Jesus taught, or… i am missing something here. Maybe i am just over reacting?

Matthias won and was counted in with the eleven apostles.

More to come on this!

“Some people wonder all their lives if they’ve made a difference. The Marines don’t have that problem.” Ronald Regan

Semper Fidelis distinguishes the Marine Corps bond from any other. It goes beyond teamwork—it is a brotherhood that can always be counted on. Latin for “always faithful,” Semper Fidelis became the Marine Corps motto in 1883. It guides Marines to remain faithful to the mission at hand, to each other, to the Corps and to country, no matter what. Becoming a Marine is a transformation that cannot be undone, and Semper Fidelis is a permanent reminder of that. Once made, a Marine will forever live by the ethics and values of the Corps. In addition to Semper Fidelis, Marine Corps Officers also embrace the phrase Ductos Exemplo, to lead by example.” (From the Marine Corp. Handbook)

That’s great for Marines but what about me? What about this? Some people wonder all their lives if they’ve made a difference . Disciples of Christ don’t have that problem.

It’s not very often but i do sometimes wonder if i have or am making a difference. Within moments the Holy spirit reveals a name or a circumstance where i have done just that. But in this society there is an attitude of what have you done for me lately that invades my confidence.

What does the word have to say about making a difference? i know it may be hard to believe but Jude 1 came to mind. Yes Jude who was the brother of James. Jude is one of the shortest books in the entire Bible being only 25 verses.

Jude 1:3-4 Dear friends, I’ve dropped everything to write you about this life of salvation that we have in common. Jude says that this is really the most important thing on my plate at this time. There have been those moments in my life where i dropped everything to get something done. i don’t remember any of those somethings being about my life of salvation?

Jude says, “I have to write insisting—begging!—that you fight with everything you have in you for this faith entrusted to you as a gift to guard and cherish.”

Jude’s purpose in this letter was twofold. First he wanted to expose the false teachers that had infiltrated the Christian community, and secondly he wanted to encourage me to stand firm in the faith and fight for the truth. Jude recognized that false teachers were going unnoticed by the faithful, so he wrote to awaken the awareness of the believers by describing in detail how terrible false teachers actually were. More than simply raising awareness, Jude thought it important that i as a disciple should stand against those working against Jesus Christ. Disciples do this by remembering the teaching of the apostles, building each other up in the faith, praying in the Holy Spirit, and keeping themselves in the love of God (Jude 1:17, 20–21).

Fight for the truth! Stand up against error! The book of Jude is filled with short commands and statements that pop off the page one after another. But in this day and age, commands and statements of this kind are unacceptable. Many reject the forcefulness of Jude, the general population preferring a softer and gentler side of the Christian faith. But Jude reminds me that there is a time and a place for the aggressive protection of the truth from those who would seek to tear it down.

The book of Jude guides Disciples to remain faithful to the mission at hand, to each other, to Christ, no matter what. Becoming a Disciple is a transformation that cannot be undone, and Semper Fidelis is a permanent reminder of that. Once made, a Disciple will forever live by the ethics and values of the Word. In addition to Semper Fidelis, Disciples also embrace the phrase Ductos Exemplo, to lead by example.”

Abraham Lincoln said, “Every man is proud of what he does well; and no man is proud of  what he does not do well. With the former, his heart is in his work; and he will  do twice as much of it with less fatigue. The latter performs a little imperfectly, looks at it in disgust, turns from it, and imagines himself exceedingly tired. The little he has  done, comes to nothing, for want of finishing.”

Those words carry much wisdom and apply to any topic. Today i am considering them in regards to my spiritual walk, as in my relationship with the Father. i am proud of what i do well, because i recognize that it is [Not in my own strength] for it is God Who is all the while effectually at work in me [energizing and creating in me the power and desire], both to will and to work for His good pleasure and satisfaction and delight. Philippians 2:13

There is a story in John 6:27 where Jesus is having a conversation about what He wants the people to do well. “Stop toiling and doing and producing for the food that perishes and decomposes [in the using], but strive and work and produce rather for the [lasting] food which endures [continually] unto life eternal; the Son of Man will give (furnish) you that, for God the Father has authorized and certified Him and put His seal of endorsement upon Him.

They then said, What are we to do, that we may [habitually] be working the works of God? [What are we to do to carry out what God requires?]

Jesus replied, This is the work (service) that God asks of you: that you believe in the One Whom He has sent [that you cleave to, trust, rely on, and have faith in His Messenger].

That should be the end of the conversation right? Wrong!

Therefore they said to Him, What sign (miracle, wonderwork) will You perform then, so that we may see it and believe and rely on and adhere to You? What [supernatural] work have You [to show what You can do]?

Did they miss the “believe in the One Whom He has sent?” Didn’t they hear “Have faith in His Messenger?” These people are like the later as Lincoln put it, they perform a little imperfectly, they look at it with disgust, turn from it, and imagine themselves exceedingly tired. Then the little they have done, comes to nothing, for want of finishing. It is only through faith in the messenger that i will cleave to, trust, and rely on Him. Thus i can be proud of the work i do well.

In closing i’m going to borrow these words from Paul when he says, i do not consider, brethren, that i have captured and made it my own [yet]; but one thing i do [it is my one aspiration]: forgetting what lies behind and straining forward to what lies ahead,

i press on toward the goal to win the [supreme and heavenly] prize to which God in Christ Jesus is calling me upward.

So let me who is spiritually mature and full-grown have this mind and hold these convictions; and if in any respect i have a different attitude of mind, God will make that clear to me also.

Only let me hold true to what i have already attained and walk and order my life by that.

Thus it’s okay for me to be a man proud of what i do well; my heart in my work; and i do twice as much of it with less fatigue.